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Special Animal Fat Substitute (SAFAR)
 
 

 

 

 
Halal Food Technology
Special Animal Fat Substitute

   
  MPOB, the Malaysian Palm Oil Board developed this technology
Learn more about MPOB
 
   

Prima's Production Manager Hisamudin Lasim was awarded by the National Head of Secretary for the 5-year research that he had done with Ministry of Palm Oil Board (MPOB).

He's research was about the replacement of animal fat with palm oil (vegetable oil). In the RND term it would be known as SAFAR (Specialty Animal Fat Replacer). SAFAR, as stated above was formulated from 100% refined bleached and deodorized (RBD) Malaysia palm oil. It was made through blending RBD palm olein and RBD palm stearine (soft) with an addition of distilled monoglyceride DMG 9000 as the vegetable emulsifier.

RBD Palm Olein + RBD Palm Stearine (Soft) + Distilled Monoglyceride DMG (Vegetable Emulsifer) = SAFAR (Specialty Animal Fat Replacer)

The Food Regulation of Refined, Bleached and Deoderized (RBD) Palm Oil

According to the Ministry of Health, Malaysia (MOH) the food regulation for RBD is as stated below. RBD Palm Sterin Regulation 183 (Food Regulations 1985):
Refined, bleached, deodorized palm stearin shall be the solid fraction obtained by the fractionation of either crude palm oil, which is subsequently refined, bleached and deodorized or by the fractionation of refined, bleached, deodorized palm oil as specified in regulation 196.

RBD Palm Sterin shall have:
1. An iodine value of from 21.6 to 49.4.
2. A saponification value of from 193 to 206 milligrams of potassium hydroxide per gram.
3. A melting point of not less than 44 °C.

RBD Palm Sterin shall not contain:
1. 0.15 per cent of water and impurities.
2. 0.20 per cent of free fatty acid(as palmitic acid).

RBD Palm Olein Regulation 183
(Food Regulations 1985):
Refined, bleached, deodorized palm olein shall be the liquid fraction obtained by the process of fractionation of either crude palm oil which is subsequently refined, bleached and deodorized, or by the fractionation of refined, bleached, deodorized palm oil as specified in regulation 196.

RBD Palm Sterin shall not contain:
1. An iodine value of not less than 56.
2. A saponification value of from 194 to 202 milligrams potassium hydroxide per gram.
3. A melting point of not more than 24°C.

Why SAFAR?
As in the name Specialty Animal Fat Replacer, we know that it is used to replace the fat of the animal. But why? The reason is just simple. Because animal fat is known to contain lots of cholesterol, a substance to substitute animal fat is needed. Since SAFAR is made from 100% palm oil (vegetable oil) it contains 0% cholesterol.

The RBD palm oil is a minimal processed palm oil that maintains the neutral nutrients of carotenes (precursors to Vitamin A) and the antioxidant tocotrienols (Vitamin E). Typical RBD palm oil has these nutrients stripped from them resulting in a clear oil. SAFAR is processed with no solvent extracts or bleaching at low temperatures.

The advantages of SAFAR are stated below:

High Stability to Oxidation
Oil and fats generally are susceptible to attack by atmospheric oxygen, resulting in rancidity. SAFAR contains a high level of the tocols (Vitamin E), which are powerful natural antioxidants. It contains a very low concentration of linoleum acid, the most readily oxidized components of oils. Therefore, it has exceptional resistance of rancidity.

SAFAR is known for its excellent stability at high temperatures. The low content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, which confers resistance to rancidity, also makes it less prone to oxidative polymerization. The formation of polymeric materials is responsible for the increase in viscosity and for the foaming tendency of heated oil.

Vitamin E (The Tocotienols Super Anti Oxidants)
Vitamin E is one of the most important phytonutrients in edible oils. It consists of eight naturally occurring isomers, a family of four tocopherols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) and four tocotrienols (alpha, beta, gamma and delta) homologues. While most Vitamin E supplements on the market today are composed of the more common tocopherols, tocotrenols are believed to be a much more potent antioxidant than tocopherols.

Tocotrienols are naturally present in most plants, however they are found most abundantly in palm oil extracted from palm fruits. Other sources are rice, wheat germ, oat and barley. It has been proven that alpha tocotrienols is 40 to 60 times more potent than alpha-tocopherol in the prevention of lipid per oxidation. It is predicted that tocotrienols will become recognized as the new super anti-oxidant in the very near future.



Vitamin A (Carotenes from Natural Palm Oil is Nature's Most Abundant Source)
In nature, there are approximately 600 known carotenoids, ranging from yellow orange to red hues and some 50 of these pigments possess vitamin A activity of varying degrees. Red palm oil is one of the richest natural plant sources of carotenoids with concentration of 500-700 ppm. It has 15 times more retinol-equivalent than carrots and 300 times more than tomatoes. No other vegetable oil contains carotenoids in significant quantities. Analysis shows that alpha and beta carotenes constitute approximately 90% of the total carotenoid content.
 
 
   
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